View count: 12537
I. ENDURING TIMES OF CONFLICTIn 1935, the institution once called Central Chengchi Institute, now the National Chengchi University (NCCU), established a journalism department. Cheng Tien-fang (程天放) was the first director, followed by returned University of Missouri journalism department graduate Ma Xingye (馬星野). This takes us to 1949, when the Republic of China government moved to Taiwan. Those were turbulent times, and the students plus friends of the department were doing activities to express support for the country as well as starting the intern publication Sino-Foreign Monthly. Its vibrant and complex content with international perspectives received widespread attention. Mr. Ma Xingye during that period came up with the Department's song to enshrine these lofty ideals for journalists: "The fire of justice ignites people's hearts, the world liberty bell rings loudly." For that reason, the Department turned out many people famous in journalism history, such as China's first female journalist Ms. Hsu Chung-pei (徐鍾珮) journalism educator Mr. Wang Hung-chun (王洪鈞) and leading communication researcher Mr. Hsu Chia-shih (徐佳士).
II. GUIDING AN ETERNAL FLAME PAST THE MOUNTAINSThe second phase of the Department's development started with NCCU's reestablishment in Mucha of Taipei in Taiwan in 1954 with the Graduate Institute of Journalism, under Mr. Zeng Hsu-bai's (曾虛白) directorship, and three other institutes starting to admit MA students. The undergraduate department was restored the following year, with publisher of the New Life Daily (新生報) Hsieh Jan-chih (謝然之) put in charge. During that period, the country was facing domestic political problems and resource shortages, making it very difficult to cultivate talent in higher education. But this tough study environment bred perseverance and a spirit of hard work that would serve as a backbone for the generation. Exemplary graduates include former Graduate Journalism Institute director and Department head Professor Lee Chan (李瞻), the known media executive Mr. Shih Yung-kuei (石永貴), College of Communication Dean and Professor Pan Jia-ching (潘家慶), former Department head Professor Chi Ching-yao and Professor Lai Kuang-lin (賴光臨), former United Daily News (聯合報) president Mr. Chang Jhuo-chin (張作錦). All of them have made contributions to the development of media and journalism.
After the tumultuous 1950s, as the domestic political situation stabilized and economic strength picked up, the department gradually stepped out of its earlier difficulties. In the early 1960s its modern Journalism Building was opened and has since been a source of public pride in terms of improving facilities and the quality of teaching, leading thereby to a golden age of journalism education. Journalists at that time not only enriched their knowledge, but they also came out on top in many sports competitions, showing in full that news people had plenty of energy and diverse creative talents. That tradition has continued through today as a hallmark of the Department.
III. RISING FROM CHAOS TO STABILITYIn the 1970s, the country met with rejection from the United Nations and was trapped in a period of lonely isolation without international support. Public anger boiled against these domestic conditions, uniting people of all ranks into a united protest. Whether defending a claim to the Tiaoyutai Islands (釣魚台列島) or protesting against the United States, NCCU journalism students could be seen. Until today, students and graduates have cared about the country's current events and spoken up for the interests of national progress, which is still the duty and mission of journalists.
As domestic basic infrastructure was gradually completed and the economy reentered the world’s embrace, the Department also stabilized. In 1981, the Department completed equipping the NT$10 million studio, the largest in Southeast Asia for teaching broadcast and television productions. This studio has since stimulated graduates of the Department to branch out into the electronic media field. In addition, the Department was recruiting teachers who had returned as scholars from overseas. Among them were Cloud Gate Dance Theatre (雲門舞集) founder Mr. Lin Hwai-min (林懷民) and CommonWealth Magazine (天下) publisher Ms. Yin Yun-peng (殷允芃). They brought new, open horizons and energy, which would become traditional departmental characteristics.
IV. TOWARD DISSEMINATING A NEW ERAAfter the lifting of martial law in 1988 and along with changing political developments, as well as openness in the rights of mass media, bright prospects for the affairs of news dissemination attracted a large number of students to take tests to enter the Department. Many well-known news workers became friends of the department, for example representatives such as Paul Lee (李四端, graduated in 1979), Huang Suo-chuan and Chuang Suo-yu (黃素娟, 莊素玉, graduated in 1981), Tung Chung-bai, Huang Ching-lung (童中白、黃清龍, graduated in 1984), Chang Ya-chin, Huang Ching-wen (張雅琴、黃晴雯, graduated in 1986), Fang Nien-hua (方念華, graduated in 1988), Chen Jhuo-hua (陳若華, graduated in 1989), Tao Ching-ying (陶晶瑩, graduated in 1991), Hsiao Bin-an (鎖彬安, graduated in 1996). Amid the vibrancy of news media, the flagship NCCU journalists in addition to providing the deepest and most comprehensive news reports also express affinity for common people, as consistent with NCCU's long-term mission and vision. In terms of academic and professional achievements, outstanding national awards are often obtained by the journalism faculty and the Department's alumni, testifying to the Department's long term commitment to excellence in academic research and professional practice.